New Methods Of Teaching English As A Foreign Language Pdf
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- 9 Different Methods of Teaching the English Language in 2021 [Updated]
- Language teaching methodologies
- Alternative methods of teaching foreign languages
This module provides a description of the basic principles and procedures of the most recognized and commonly used approaches and methods for teaching a second or foreign language.
9 Different Methods of Teaching the English Language in 2021 [Updated]
Throughout the history of teaching languages a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies have been tried and tested with some being more popular and effective than others. The direct method of teaching English is also known as the Natural Method. Its main focus is oral skill and it is taught via repetitive drilling.
Today popular forms of the Direct Method are Callan and Berlitz. Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation. This is particularly common for those students who wish to study literature at a deeper level. The Audio Lingual Method otherwise known as the New Key Method or Army Method is based on a behavirourist theory that things are able to be learned by constant reinforcement. However, just like in the army when someone behaves badly or in this case bad use of English , the learner receives negative feedback and the contrary happens when a student demonstrates good use of English.
This is related to the Direct Method and just like its predecessor it only uses the target language. The biggest difference between the Audio Lingual Method and the Direct Method is its focus of teaching.
The Direct Methods focuses on the teaching of vocabulary whereas the Audio Lingual Method focuses on specific grammar teachings. As the name suggests, the method is all about structure.
The idea is that any language is made up of complex grammar rules. This is a behaviourist theory and related to pseudoscience.
This theory is intended to offer learners various choices, which in turn helps them become more responsible for their learning. It relies a lot on the atmosphere and the physical surroundings of the class. Each Suggestopedia lesson is divided into three different phases — 1. Deciphering 2. Concert Session 3. The idea behind this approach is to help learners communicate more effectively and correctly in realistic situations that they may find themselves in.
This type of teaching involves focusing on important functions like suggesting, thanking, inviting, complaining, and asking for directions to name but a few. The Silent Way emphasises learner autonomy.
The teacher acts merely as a facilitator trying to encourage students to be more active in their learning. The main of this way of teaching is for the teacher to say very little, so students can take control of their learning. This method of learning English follows a structural syllabus and grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation are constantly drilled and recycled for reinforcement.
Unlike a lot of the other methods and approaches of teaching English as a Second Language, a lot of the L1 mother tongue is used for translation purposes.
The main aim of this approach to learning is task completion. Usually, relevant and interesting tasks are set by the teacher and students are expected to draw on their pre-existing knowledge of English to complete the task with as few errors as possible. The Lexical syllabus or approach is based on computer studies that have previously identified the most commonly used words. This approach in teaching focuses on vocabulary acquisition and teaching lexical chunks in order of their frequency and use.
Teachers of the Lexical Approach place a great emphasis on authentic materials and realistic scenarios for more valuable learning. English Teaching Methods. The Grammar Translation Method Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation. The Structural Approach As the name suggests, the method is all about structure. Communicative Language Teaching CLT The idea behind this approach is to help learners communicate more effectively and correctly in realistic situations that they may find themselves in.
Task Based Language Learning The main aim of this approach to learning is task completion. The Lexical Approach The Lexical syllabus or approach is based on computer studies that have previously identified the most commonly used words.
Language teaching methodologies
Listed below are brief summaries of some of the more popular second language teaching methods of the last half century. In this method the teaching is done entirely in the target language. The learner is not allowed to use his or her mother tongue. Grammar rules are avoided and there is emphasis on good pronunciation. Learning is largely by translation to and from the target language.
Throughout the history of teaching languages a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies have been tried and tested with some being more popular and effective than others. The direct method of teaching English is also known as the Natural Method. Its main focus is oral skill and it is taught via repetitive drilling. Today popular forms of the Direct Method are Callan and Berlitz. Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation.
Alternative methods of teaching foreign languages
Communicative language teaching CLT , or the communicative approach , is an approach to language teaching that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of study. Language learners in environments utilizing CLT techniques, learn and practice the target language through the interaction with one another and the instructor, the study of "authentic texts" those written in the target language for purposes other than language learning , and through the use of the language both in class and outside of class. Learners converse about personal experiences with partners, and instructors teach topics outside of the realm of traditional grammar, in order to promote language skills in all types of situations. This method also claims to encourage learners to incorporate their personal experiences into their language learning environment, and to focus on the learning experience in addition to the learning of the target language. According to CLT, the goal of language education is the ability to communicate in the target language.
The Direct Method
Teaching English as a foreign language TEFL refers to teaching the English language to students with different first languages , typically used to imply that the English Language Learner may have already learned more than one language, prior to learning English. TEFL can occur either within the state school system or more privately, at a language school or with a tutor. TEFL can also take place in an English-speaking country for people who have immigrated there either temporarily for school or work, or permanently. TEFL teachers may be native or non-native speakers of English. Some of these terms are not in widespread use outside of the materials of providers of various programs and materials.
Every day our teacher served up the same menu: Memorizing verbs, answering worksheets, taking dictation and repeating, repeating, repeating. The prevalence of social media and the internet as a whole have changed the way people learn languages—for the better. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. This article will take a closer look at four fresh teaching strategies that are grand slam with students. Traditional curriculum design and class planning revolved around the topics considered useful for students.
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