Food Safety Sanitation And Personal Hygiene Pdf
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- Why is Food Hygiene Important?
- About Food Safety Sanitation Management
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Principles of Food Sanitation pp Cite as. Food handlers are potential sources of microorganisms that cause illness and food spoilage. Hygiene is a word used to describe sanitary principles for the preservation of health. Parts of the body that contribute to the contamination of food include the skin, hands, hair, eyes, mouth, nose, nasopharynx, respiratory tract, and excretory organs. These parts are contamination sources as carriers, through direct or indirect transmission, of detrimental microorganisms. Management must select clean and healthy employees and ensure that they conduct hygienic practices. Employees must be held responsible for personal hygiene so that the food that they handle remains wholesome.
Why is Food Hygiene Important?
When certain disease-causing bacteria, viruses or parasite contaminate food, they can cause food-related diseases. Since food-related diseases can be serious, or even fatal, it is important to know and practice safe food-handling behaviors to help reduce the risk of getting sick from contaminated food. Foodborne diseases are widespread throughout the world. The process by which a foodborne disease spreads begins with the features of the disease, contaminating the food, which in turn threatens both individual and public health by means of the foods. Healthy, or what can be termed as safe food, is food that has not lost its nutritional value, that is clean, in physical, chemical and microbiological terms and that is not stale. The factors causing the contamination of the food may threaten the safe consumption of it and thereby make the foods harmful to human health.
Good personal hygiene policies and practices are the foundation for successful food safety and quality assurance in all food manufacturing facilities. Plant personnel are among the most significant reservoirs and vectors of microorganisms, chemical residues and foreign materials in the food facility, and as such, can be a source of unwanted contamination to products. Comprehensive personal hygiene programs, coupled with a top-down philosophy supporting sound sanitary practices as part of the corporate structure, are key to implementing best practices for compliance with Good Manufacturing Practices GMPs , Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures SSOPs and related sanitation and food safety audits. The top-down approach ensures that personal hygiene policies and procedures are implemented by all personnel—management, visitors, production, sanitation and maintenance staff—at each company and in each facility, reducing the risk of product contamination and the likelihood that such product will reach the consumer. Addressing all the potential personal hygiene trouble spots can be challenging, however, because the routes, or vectors, of contamination are varied and complex.
Food Safety, Sanitation, and Personal Hygiene is one of a series of Culinary Arts open textbooks developed to support the training of students.
About Food Safety Sanitation Management
Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Download the free OSH Answers app. Search all fact sheets:. Use good cleaning and storage techniques to reduce the chance of food borne illnesses. The highest levels of contamination are found in areas that are damp, such as kitchen sponges, dishcloths, sink drains, and faucet handles.
Lepper, K. Schneider, R. Goodrich-Schneider, and A. Sreedharan 2. As part of the Food Safety on the Farm series, a collection that reviews the generally recognized principles of GAPs as they relate to produce, primarily at the farm level and with particular focus on fresh Florida crops and practices, this publication focuses on GAPs and GHPs relating specifically to worker health and hygiene. Good agricultural practices GAPs and good handling practices GHPs encompass the general procedures that growers, packers, and processors of fresh fruits and vegetables should follow to ensure the safety of their product. GAPs usually deal with preharvest practices i.
All over the world people are seriously affected every day by diseases that are caused by consuming unhygienic and unsafe food. We have to give due emphasis to good hygienic practices to prevent and control foodborne diseases. Foodborne diseases result from eating foods that contain infectious or toxic substances. The food we eat should be free from contaminants such as microorganisms and chemicals. This session will introduce the principles of food hygiene and safety. You will also learn about food control, food inspection and supportive enforcement measures that can contribute to food hygiene and safety.
You go out to dinner at your favorite restaurant and a few hours later, you become very ill. Chances are you ate something that contained illness-causing bacteria or was improperly handled. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in six Americans are impacted each year by food poisoning. The U. Food and Drug Administration, in coordination with the U. Department of Labor, has established guidelines and procedures for food preparers that are central to food safety and sanitation management.
Food handlers can be a significant source of harmful microorganisms that cause illness; thus, washing your hands regularly using proper techniques is one of the most important aspects of working in food service. Doing so helps reduce the incidence of spreading germs, including viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens , including those that might exist on raw foods as you prepare them. While handwashing seems fairly straightforward, food handlers may not use the correct techniques or allow sufficient time to properly wash their hands.
With this in mind, ensuring that food is safe for human consumption is likely the most critical part of the food preparation process. This ranges from what is called farm to fork, meaning from the farms all the way to your plate. Check out our article on the food production chain and the possible ways contamination can happen. This means that food hygiene is important at home as well as in the restaurant, retail store or food factory. There has become an ever-increasing awareness of food safety by the general public and news agencies are reporting on food recalls and outbreaks much more often.
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