long and short term consequences of substance abuse pdf

Long And Short Term Consequences Of Substance Abuse Pdf

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In the short term, abusing drugs and alcohol can result in some negative substance abuse consequences. Consuming enough alcohol to alter blood alcohol concentration can result in slurred speech, difficulty with motor functions and coordination, drowsiness, impaired judgment, gastric upset, breathing problems, and headaches. Impaired judgment may lead a person under the influence of alcohol to make questionable decisions about conduct, such as driving while under the influence or spending money. The short-term effects of drugs can involve sleep disruptions, fatigue, memory loss, gastric upset, and constipation. Alcohol abuse over a period of years may result in liver damage, cancer, cardiovascular disease, depression, high blood pressure, nerve damage, pancreatitis, and some infectious diseases such as tuberculosis or pneumonia due to a suppressed immune system.

What are the effects of drug abuse?

Many Australians enjoy a drink. Like all drugs, alcohol can damage your body, especially if you drink heavily every day or in binges. Even small amounts of alcohol are still linked to the development of certain diseases, including numerous cancers. Alcohol affects your body in many ways. Some effects are immediate and last only a while; others accumulate over time and may significantly affect your physical and mental health and quality of life.

Long-Term Consequences of Adolescent Drug Use: Evidence from Pre-Clinical and Clinical Models

The short-term effects of alcohol more specifically ethanol consumption — due to drinking beer, wine, distilled spirits or other alcoholic beverages — range from a decrease in anxiety and motor skills and euphoria at lower doses to intoxication drunkenness , stupor , unconsciousness, anterograde amnesia memory "blackouts" , and central nervous system depression at higher doses. Cell membranes are highly permeable to alcohol, so once alcohol is in the bloodstream, it can diffuse into nearly every cell in the body. The concentration of alcohol in blood is measured via blood alcohol content BAC. The amount and circumstances of consumption play a large role in determining the extent of intoxication ; for example, eating a heavy meal before alcohol consumption causes alcohol to absorb more slowly. After excessive drinking , stupor and unconsciousness can both occur. Extreme levels of consumption can cause alcohol poisoning and death; in fact, a concentration in the blood stream of 0. Alcohol can greatly exacerbate sleep problems.

Substance abuse , also known as drug abuse , is use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder. Differing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts. In some cases criminal or anti-social behaviour occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term personality changes in individuals may occur as well. Drugs most often associated with this term include: alcohol , amphetamines , barbiturates , benzodiazepines , cannabis , cocaine , hallucinogens , methaqualone , and opioids. The exact cause of substance abuse is not clear, with the two predominant theories being: either a genetic disposition which is learned from others, or a habit which if addiction develops, manifests itself as a chronic debilitating disease. Public health practitioners have attempted to look at substance use from a broader perspective than the individual, emphasizing the role of society, culture, and availability.

Health Consequences of Substance Abuse

The absence of substance use. However, there are many different types of abstinence. Abstinence is typically interpreted as complete abstinence, defined below:.

Drug misuse, abuse, and addiction can all lead to both short-term and long-term health effects. The effects of drug abuse depend on the type of drug, any other substances that a person is using, and their health history. Drugs are chemical compounds that affect the mind and body.

Drugs are chemicals that affect the body and brain. Different drugs can have different effects. Some effects of drugs include health consequences that are long-lasting and permanent. They can even continue after a person has stopped taking the substance. There are a few ways a person can take drugs, including injection, inhalation and ingestion.

Health Consequences of Substance Abuse

У него будет пистолет… От этой мысли у Стратмора свело желудок. Кто знает, что произойдет, прежде чем он решит освободить Сьюзан… если он ее вообще освободит. Я обязан позвонить в службу безопасности, - решил .

Агент Колиандер нажал несколько кнопок, и кадры стали сменяться быстрее. Люди на подиуме с нетерпением ждали, когда на экране появится их бывший сослуживец Энсей Танкадо. Ускоренное проигрывание видеозаписи придавало изображению некоторую комичность. Вот Танкадо вышел на открытое место и залюбовался открывшимся перед ним зрелищем. Он козырьком поднес руку к глазам и стал разглядывать шпили над внушительным фасадом.

1 comments

Jennifer H.

Drug use can have a wide range of short- and long-term, direct and indirect effects. These effects often depend on the specific drug or drugs.

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