signs and symptoms of prostate cancer pdf

Signs And Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer Pdf

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Published: 20.04.2021

Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland become abnormal and multiply. The accumulation of these cells then forms a tumor. The tumor can lead to a variety of complications, such as erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and severe pain if the cancer spreads to the bones.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Signs

Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. Other noncancerous conditions of the prostate, such as BPH or an enlarged prostate, can cause similar symptoms. Or, the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition that is also not related to cancer. Urinary symptoms also can be caused by an infection of the bladder or other conditions. If you are concerned about any changes you experience, please talk with your doctor.

What is Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is located just below the bladder in males and surrounds the top portion of the tube that drains urine from the bladder urethra. This illustration shows a normal prostate gland and a prostate with a tumor. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer.

Basic Information About Prostate Cancer

Back to Health A to Z. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. It usually develops slowly, so there may be no signs for many years. Symptoms of prostate cancer do not usually appear until the prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the penis urethra.

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Prostate Cancer Complications

The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. If the prostate cancer is causing a decreased urine flow or a complete blockage, surgery to relieve this may be required before any other treatment is undertaken. Radiotherapy also called radiation therapy is the controlled use of radiation to stop the growth of cancer cells. Two main types of radiotherapy are used for prostate cancer — external beam and brachytherapy.

The symptoms of prostate cancer may be different for each man, and any one of these symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Because of the proximity of the prostate gland to the bladder and urethra, prostate cancer may be accompanied by a variety of urinary symptoms, especially in the early stages. Depending on its size and location, a tumor may press on and constrict the urethra, inhibiting the flow of urine. Some early prostate cancer signs include:. The prostate gland produces PSA, a protein that at an elevated level may be a sign of prostate cancer. A high PSA reading also may indicate noncancerous conditions such as inflammation of the prostate prostatitis and enlargement of the prostate benign prostatic hyperplasia. For the test, a clinician takes a sample of your blood and sends it to a lab for analysis.


The symptoms and signs of prostate cancer may include: Frequent urination. Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to strain to empty the bladder. The urge to urinate frequently at night. Blood in the urine. New onset of erectile dysfunction. Pain or burning during urination, which is much less common.


Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The risk of developing certain cancers can be reduced by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol intake, eating plenty of vegetables , fruits , and whole grains , vaccination against certain infectious diseases, limiting consumption of processed meat and red meat , and limiting exposure to direct sunlight. In , about Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen, among others, noted similarity of crabs to some tumors with swollen veins. The word was introduced in English in the modern medical sense around

This guideline provides recommendations for the follow-up of patients who have returned to their primary care provider following curative-intent treatment for prostate cancer. Recommendations include the management of potential long-lasting side-effects from treatment, surveillance for possible recurrence, and if needed best supportive care and the early involvement of palliative services. Primary care practitioners provide an essential role for the continuity of patient care in all settings, both directly and through the coordination of care with other health care professionals. This reduces the fragmentation of care, improves patient safety, and enhances the overall quality of patient care.

For Robert, knowing what to expect with Lupron Depot made a real difference. Whenever you start something new, whether it's going on a trip or fixing up your house. Taking steps at the beginning of the treatment, like knowing what to expect, learning all you can, and even joining a support group, can help you throughout treatment. Take a look at some suggestions and information we put together for you.

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Except for skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. Many men with prostate cancer—especially those with tumors that have not spread beyond the prostate—die of other causes without ever having any symptoms from the cancer.

Prostate cancer - symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

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4 comments

Kayleigh P.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It is more likely to affect men over Men who are African or. African Caribbean are more likely.

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Villette V.

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer q. Tests to northcornwallnt.org​professionals/physician_gls/pdf/prostate_northcornwallnt.org on March. 28, National.

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Aristocles S.

Prostate cancer that's more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as: Trouble urinating. Decreased force in the stream of urine. Blood in the urine. Blood in the semen. Bone pain. Losing weight without trying. Erectile dysfunction.

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Cendrillon C.

SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS. Often, prostate cancer is found through a PSA test or DRE (see. Risk Factors and Prevention) in men who have not had any symptoms​.

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