Black Arabia And The African Origin Of Islam Pdf
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- The Black Arabian Origins of the Yorùbá and Olódùmarè: Islām and Ifá as Sibling Rivals
- Christianity in Africa
- Trade and the Spread of Islam in Africa
There is nothing in his colour or race to debar him from the highest privileges, social or political, to which any other Muslim can attain. Blyden, Liberian writer and thinker. According to Arab oral tradition, Islam first came to Africa with Muslim refugees fleeing persecution in the Arab peninsula.
The Black Arabian Origins of the Yorùbá and Olódùmarè: Islām and Ifá as Sibling Rivals
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Their roots lie in the annual Hajj pilgrimage and the British colonization of Africa in the 19th century. For hundreds of years, pilgrims and oppressed Muslims from that continent traveled to Makkah and Madinah, and chose to make those cities their home. The British colonized Africa to exploit its natural resources, bringing with them Western education, the English language and Christianity. There was resistance, particularly among Muslims in the north, but with no organized army or modern weapons they were no match for the might of the British Empire. Many chose to journey east, where they knew they could feel safe in lands that would be forever Muslim. Faheem said.
Christianity in Africa
Some of the settled communities in the Arabian Peninsula developed into distinctive civilizations. Sources for these civilizations are not extensive, and are limited to archaeological evidence, accounts written outside of Arabia, and Arab oral traditions later recorded by Islamic scholars. Among the most prominent civilizations were Thamud, which arose around BCE and lasted to about CE, and Dilmun, which arose around the end of the fourth millennium and lasted to about CE. Additionally, from the beginning of the first millennium BCE, Southern Arabia was the home to a number of kingdoms, such as the Sabaean kingdom, and the coastal areas of Eastern Arabia were controlled by the Iranian Parthians and Sassanians from BCE. While ancient Arabian Christianity was strong in areas of Southern Arabia, especially with Najran being an important center of Christianity, Nestorian Christianity was the dominant religion in Eastern Arabia prior to the advent of Islam.
Trade and the Spread of Islam in Africa
It is the holiest of Muslim cities. Muhammad , the founder of Islam , was born in Mecca, and it is toward this religious centre that Muslims turn five times daily in prayer see qiblah. All devout and able Muslims attempt a hajj pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.
As Ali Mazrui notes: a European decision to make Africa end at the Red Sea has decisively de-Africanized the Arabian peninsula…the tyranny of the sea is in part a tyranny of European geographical prejudices. Just as European map-makers could decree that on the map Europe was above Africa instead of below an arbitrary decision in relation to the cosmos those map-makers could also dictate that Africa ended at the Red Sea instead of the Persian Gulf.
Пусть хорошенько подумает, прежде чем затевать очередную авантюру с целью спасения мира. - Она подняла телефонную трубку и начала набирать номер. Бринкерхофф сидел как на иголках.
Беккер понимал, что, как только дверь за Меган закроется, она исчезнет навсегда. Он снова попробовал ее позвать, но язык отказывался ему подчиняться. Девушка почти уже добралась до двери.