Thesis On The Productive Seftynet Programm And Its Impact On Children Education Pdf
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Children need champions. Get involved, speak out, volunteer, or become a donor and give every child a fair chance to succeed. Although it is often legally prohibited, the use of physical violence for discipline is a well-established norm in many communities, both at home and at school.
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Impacts of productive safety net program on the livelihoods of rural households
Background of the study 1. Statement of the problem 1. Research Questions 1. Objective of the study 1. Significance of the study 1. Scope and Limitation of the Study 1. Organization of the thesis. Introduction 2. Theoretical Literature Review 2. Productive safety net program of Ethiopia 2. Indicators of sustainable livelihoods 2. Impact assessement methods 2. Experimental evaluation method 2. Non experimental evaluation method 2. Quasi Experimental evaluation method 2.
Methodologies to construct counter factual groups 2. Why PSM method for the study 2. Steps in the applications of PSM method. Description of the study area 3. Climate and agroecology 3.
Land use and farming system 3. Livestock resource 3. Rural finance 3. Crop production 3. Descriptions of PSNP in the woreda 3.
Sources and Methods of Data Collection 3. Sample Size and Method of sampling design 3. Methods of Data Analysis 3. Descriptive Data Analysis 3. Econometric Analysis 3. Definition and measurement of Variables 3. Dependent variable 3. Outcome variables 3. Independent variables 3. Model Diagnostics 3. Multicollinearity Test 3. Hetroscedasticity Test. Descriptive results 4. Demographic characteristics of sample households 4.
Description of sample households for categorical variables 4. Descriptive statistics of outcome variables 4. Econometric results 4. Propensity scores estimation 4. Imposing common support region 4. Choosing a matching algorithm 4.
Balancing test 4. Treatment effect on the treated 4. Sensitivity analysis. As members of the examining board of the final M. We recommended that the thesis be accepted as fulfilling the thesis requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Agricultural Economics.
This thesis work is dedicated to my wife Hiwot Bayu, my sister Sefinesh, my mother Shashitu Getaneh and my father Denberie Tesfaye who lost his life at the beginning of my study , for their unconditional and unbounded love, patience and strength that helped me to complete this work. I declare that this thesis is my own work and that all sources of materials used for this thesis have been duly acknowledged.
This thesis has been submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for M. I solemnly declare that this thesis is not submitted to any other institution anywhere for the award of any academic degree, diploma, or certificate.
Brief quotations from this thesis are allowable without special permission provided that accurate acknowledgment of source is made. Requests for permission for extended quotation from or reproduction of this manuscript in whole or in part may be granted by the head of the major department or the Dean of the School of Graduate studies when in his or her judgment the proposed use of the material is in the interests of scholarship.
In all other instances, however, permission must be obtained from the author. The author was born in May in South Gondar zone, Debretabour town. He attended his elementary school education at Kimir Dingay town and his secondary school education in Debretabour town Senior Secondary School. Then he joined the Haramay University in and graduated in July with Bsc degree in Agribusiness management.
Soon after graduation, he has been working for five years in Addis Zemen town in various capacities. Then after, he joined the school of graduate studies at University of Gondar in October to pursue his M. Sc degree in Agricultural Economics. I thank God, for his permission and for helping me to have a good health and courage in accomplishing this research work.
I am grateful to many people who have assisted me in doing this research. However, it is nearly impossible to give the full account of all individuals and organizations because of space limitations. The following ones, however, deserve special considerations in the sequential learning process I have passed through.
First, I would like to take this opportunity to thank all my family especially my mother Shashitu Getaneh, my father Denberie Tesfaye, my sisters for their all-round support. I would like to express my sincere appreciation and gratitude to my major advisor Dr. Zemen Ayalew whose inspiring guidance, encouragement, and understanding have vitally contributed a lot to this study and also for his friendly approach towards me that enabled me to express my idea freely.
Also, I am most grateful to my co-advisor Getahun Abreham and instructor Abebe Dagnaw for their useful and valuable comments on the main idea of the thesis at an early stage of the work and for their subsequent and unreserved technical support in the whole process of this study. For both of them I could say that no words can express my gratitude for the frequent assistance and close supervision throughout my thesis work.
I would like to say thank you to Development Agents for their help especially in the process of collecting both secondary and primary data. At last, I would like to say thank you very much from the bottom of my heart for my friends Hiwot Bayu, Delelegn Adugna ,Mequanint Tesfaw and Abreham Assefa for their support as a true friend. This study evaluated the impact of productive safety net program on the livelihood of rural households of Libo Kemkem woreda.
Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric analysis. Results from descriptive statistics revealed that among program participants and non participants, the total annual income has increased averagely by The average livestock holding was 3. Thus, the program enables them to through avoidance of forced disposal in response to shock increase their livestock holdings.
The estimated results also revealed that, households in the program has better access to credit, small land size and better access on agricultural extension, access to aid and less access to irrigation. Finally, physical and biological conservation measures should be widely incorporated, access to extension service for the utilization of new technologies and for policy concern. Generally both households increase their livelihood activities respectively interms of livelihood.
Key words : Productive safety net, impact, livelihood, propensity score matching, Ethiopia. In the past few years the GDP growth composition by sector shifts from agriculture to other sectors, in agriculture contributes However, this impressive growth has been accompanied by inflation pressure, rain fall dependence, natural hazard, which are the main driving force that affects millions of Ethiopian people, DPRD and MoFED, Over the year, scanty and erratic rainfall has led to significant drought and subsequent famine.
Every year five million people exposed to chronic and transitory seasonal food insecurity in particular to rural area WFP, Using a consumption-based measure of poverty, Poverty is slightly higher in rural areas The launch of the PSNP in represented a pivotal departure from the cycle of annual emergency food aid appeals.
Amhara Regional State is one of the beneficiary regions in the country. This Service was also initiated with the objective of improving the livelihoods of chronically food insecure households in the PSNP target Woredas through diversifying livelihood options. Therefore, out of rural woredas in the region, the program has been implementing in 64 chronically food insecure weredas PIM, Therefore, the program aimed to help the poor and the vulnerable in coping with the negative impact of the recurrent drought in the study area.
This study evaluates the performance of the productive safety net program on the dynamics of household livelihood in the rural kebeles of the woreda beneficiaries. In this study, improvement in the livelihoods of rural households is assessed by examining the impact of household participation in the program.
Household participation is expected to improve household income, consumption and asset holdings, which are used in this study as indicators of the outcomes of the program. Moreover, the Program is designed to protect household assets and ensure a minimum level of food Consumption.
It is also designed to encourage households to increase incomes generated from agricultural activities and to build up assets.
Background of the study 1. Statement of the problem 1. Research Questions 1. Objective of the study 1. Significance of the study 1. Scope and Limitation of the Study 1. Organization of the thesis.
Poor nutritional status of women remains a critical problem in Ethiopia. Nutrition for women matters not only for the public health relevance of breaking the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition but for its high return in other sectors such as education and health. The Ethiopian Productive Safety Net Programme PSNP is a program that protects chronically food-insecure households against food insecurity through cash or food transfer.
Стратмор не скрывал недовольства. - Он ничего не спрашивал про ТРАНСТЕКСТ. - Нет. Но если он посмотрит на монитор и увидит в окне отсчета значение семнадцать часов, то, будьте уверены, не промолчит.
Но решил, что хочет от этого парня слишком многого. - Мне нужна кое-какая информация, - сказал. - Проваливал бы ты отсюда. - Я ищу одного человека. - Знать ничего не знаю.