History Of Israel And Palestine Pdf
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Palestine is a small region of land that has played a prominent role in the ancient and modern history of the Middle East. The history of Palestine has been marked by frequent political conflict and violent land seizures because of its importance to several major world religions, and because Palestine sits at a valuable geographic crossroads between Africa and Asia. Today, Arab people who call this territory home are known as Palestinians, and the people of Palestine have a strong desire to create a free and independent state in this contested region of the world. Until , Palestine typically referred to the geographic region located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. Much of this land is now considered present-day Israel.
Palestine is a small region of land that has played a prominent role in the ancient and modern history of the Middle East. The history of Palestine has been marked by frequent political conflict and violent land seizures because of its importance to several major world religions, and because Palestine sits at a valuable geographic crossroads between Africa and Asia.
Today, Arab people who call this territory home are known as Palestinians, and the people of Palestine have a strong desire to create a free and independent state in this contested region of the world. Until , Palestine typically referred to the geographic region located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. Much of this land is now considered present-day Israel. Today, Palestine theoretically includes the West Bank a territory that sits between modern-day Israel and Jordan and the Gaza Strip which borders modern-day Israel and Egypt.
However, control over this region is a complex and evolving situation. There is no international consensus concerning the borders, and many areas claimed by Palestinians have been occupied by Israelis for years.
From about to , the Ottoman Empire ruled much of the region. The League of Nations issued a British mandate for Palestine—a document that gave Britain administrative control over the region, and included provisions for establishing a Jewish national homeland in Palestine—which went into effect in Jewish leaders accepted the plan, but many Palestinian Arabs—some of whom had been actively fighting British and Jewish interests in the region since the s—vehemently opposed it.
Arab groups argued that they represented the majority of the population in certain regions and should be granted more territory. They began to form volunteer armies throughout Palestine. The conflict opened a new chapter in the struggle between Jews and Palestinian Arabs, which now became a regional contest involving nation-states and a tangle of diplomatic, political and economic interests. Israel attacked Egypt on June 5, Both nations claimed that they were acting in self-defense in the ensuing conflict, which ended on June 10 and also drew in Jordan and Syria, who sided with Egypt.
The Six-Day War , as it came to be called, resulted in major land gains for Israel. Palestinian militia groups revolted, and hundreds of people were killed. Arafat returned to Gaza in after being exiled for 27 years. He headed up the newly-formed Palestinian Authority. It also set a schedule for Palestinian Legislative Council elections.
Unfortunately, the Oslo Accords failed in their ultimate goal of bringing Israel and the Palestinians to agree over a full-fledged peace plan.
In September , the Second Palestinian Intifada began. Many Palestinians felt this was an offensive move, and they protested. Riots, suicide bombings and other attacks subsequently broke out, putting an end to the once-promising peace process. This period of violence between Palestinians and Israelis lasted nearly five years.
That same year, fighting between Hamas and Fatah, the political group that controlled the PLO, ensued. In , Hamas defeated Fatah in a battle for Gaza. Many countries consider Hamas to be a terrorist organization. The group has carried out suicide bombings and repeatedly called for the destruction of Israel. In April , Hamas and Fatah agreed to a deal that would form a unified national Palestinian government. A substantial proportion of Israelis also oppose the settlements and would prefer to find peaceful ways to resolve their land disputes with the Palestinians.
In May , leaders of Hamas presented a document that proposed the formation of a Palestinian state using the defined borders, with Jerusalem as its capital. However, the group refused to recognize Israel as a state, and the Israeli government promptly rejected the plan.
Ancient History Encyclopedia. What is Palestine and Palestinians? Israel Science and Technology Directory. Everything you need to know about Israel-Palestine. Map: The countries that recognize Palestine as a state. Washington Post. UN Partition Plan. BBC News. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation. The History Learning Site. Timeline: History of a Revolution. Al Jazeera. Hamas accepts Palestinian state with borders.
Palestine Liberation Organization. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Oslo Accords Fast Facts. Profile: Hamas Palestinian movement.
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The nation of Israel—with a population of more than 8 million people, most of them Jewish—has many Over time, the PLO has embraced a broader role, claiming to The Oslo Accords were a landmark moment in the pursuit of peace in the Middle East.
Actually a set of two separate agreements signed by the government of Israel and the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO —the militant organization established in to Following years of diplomatic friction and skirmishes between Israel and its neighbors, Israel Defense Forces launched preemptive air strikes that Zionism is a religious and political effort that brought thousands of Jews from around the world back to their ancient homeland in the Middle East and reestablished Israel as the central location for Jewish identity.
While some critics call Zionism an aggressive and Syria is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a rich artistic and cultural heritage. From its ancient roots to its recent political instability and the Syrian Civil War, the country has a complex and, at times, tumultuous history.
Ancient Syria On October 6, , hoping to win back territory lost to Israel during the third Arab-Israeli war, in , Egyptian and Syrian forces launched a coordinated attack against Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. Taking the Israeli Defense Forces by Its history is marked by many important inventions that changed the world, including the concept Live TV. This Day In History. History at Home.
What Is Palestine? How the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Began. Here's Why the Oslo Accords Failed. Zionism Zionism is a religious and political effort that brought thousands of Jews from around the world back to their ancient homeland in the Middle East and reestablished Israel as the central location for Jewish identity.
Syria Syria is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a rich artistic and cultural heritage. Yom Kippur War On October 6, , hoping to win back territory lost to Israel during the third Arab-Israeli war, in , Egyptian and Syrian forces launched a coordinated attack against Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar.
Please note that ebooks are subject to tax and the final price may vary depending on your country of residence. Please note that this product is not available for purchase from Bloomsbury. Visioning Israel-Palestine strives to cultivate recognition of the part that cultural products have played in the duplication of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. While this conflict is one of the longest-lasting struggles over land and human rights in recent history, politicians and the media have largely reduced it to a series of debates over historical facts and expressions of violence. Its persistence, however, has also led to the manufacture of cultural products that challenge understandings of the conflict as a fight between two distinct peoples unified against each other. The wide range of international contributors to the volume analyse the content of such products alongside the work that they do within Israel-Palestine and in the Jewish and Palestinian diasporas. Considering Israeli and Palestinian films, art installations, street exhibitions, photographs and oral histories, Visioning Israel-Palestine expands the conflict's historical imagination and nurtures suitable cultural conditions to revitalize the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
The nation of Israel—with a population of more than 8 million people, most of them Jewish—has many important archaeological and religious sites considered sacred by Jews, Muslims and Christians alike, and a complex history with periods of peace and conflict. King David ruled the region around B. His son, who became King Solomon , is credited with building the first holy temple in ancient Jerusalem. In about B. Around B.
You dig the soil and you find pottery from Davidic times, coins from Bar Kokhba, and 2,year-old scrolls written in a script remarkably like the one that today advertises ice cream at the corner candy store. The people of Israel also called the "Jewish People" trace their origin to Abraham, who established the belief that there is only one God, the creator of the universe see Torah. Abraham, his son Yitshak Isaac , and grandson Jacob Israel are referred to as the patriarchs of the Israelites. All three patriarchs lived in the Land of Canaan, which later came to be known as the Land of Israel. The name Israel derives from the name given to Jacob Genesis
Palestine , area of the eastern Mediterranean region, comprising parts of modern Israel and the Palestinian territories of the Gaza Strip along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the West Bank the area west of the Jordan River. The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region, which some have asserted also includes Jordan. Both the geographic area designated by the name and the political status of it have changed over the course of some three millennia. The region or at least a part of it is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among Jews , Christians , and Muslims.
- И назвал это победой в борьбе за личные права граждан всего мира. Ты должна признать, Сьюзан, что этот черный ход был придуман для того, чтобы ввести мир в заблуждение и преспокойно читать электронную почту. По мне, так поделом Стратмору. - Грег, - сказала Сьюзан, стараясь не показать своего возмущения, - этот черный ход позволял АНБ расшифровывать электронную почту, представляющую угрозу нашей безопасности. - Что ты говоришь? - Хейл невинно вздохнул. - И в качестве милого побочного развлечения читать переписку простых граждан.
Этого не может. Росио игриво улыбнулась и кивнула на немца. - El queria que lo guardara. Он хотел его оставить, но я сказала. Во мне течет цыганская кровь, мы, цыганки, не только рыжеволосые, но еще и очень суеверные. Кольцо, которое отдает умирающий, - дурная примета.
Ты сам отлично знаешь, что происходит. - А ну-ка пропусти меня, Грег, - сказала .
У нее был такой вид, словно она только что увидела призрак. - Джабба! - Соши задыхалась. - Червь… я знаю, на что он запрограммирован! - Она сунула распечатку Джаббе.
Я хорошо его знаю. Если вы принесете мне его паспорт, я позабочусь, чтобы он его получил. - Видите ли, я в центре города, без машины, - ответил голос. - Может быть, вы могли бы подойти.
ГЛАВА 70 Дэвид Беккер почувствовал, что у него подкашиваются ноги. Он смотрел на девушку, понимая, что его поиски подошли к концу. Она вымыла голову и переоделась - быть может, считая, что так легче будет продать кольцо, - но в Нью-Йорк не улетела.
Думала, кое-кто помоложе? - засмеялся Стратмор. - Да нет, сэр, - попыталась она сгладить неловкость.
Сотрешь всю электронную почту Хейла. Все, что относится к его переписке с Танкадо, где упоминается Цифровая крепость. - Хорошо, - сказала Сьюзан, стараясь сосредоточиться, - я сотру весь накопитель Хейла. И все переформатирую. - Нет! - жестко парировал Стратмор.
Мы не можем вычесть их все одно из другого. - Многие пункты даны не в числовой форме, - подбодрила людей Сьюзан. - Их мы можем проигнорировать. Уран природный элемент, плутоний - искусственный.
Открыв ее, она увидела несколько дополнительных папок; создавалось впечатление, что у Хейла было множество почтовых адресов. Один из них, к ее удивлению, был адресом анонимного провайдера. Сьюзан открыла одно из старых входящих сообщений, и у нее тотчас же перехватило дыхание.
Сьюзан высвободилась из рук обмякшего Хейла, не понимая, что произошло. Стратмор подхватил ее и слегка обнял, пытаясь успокоить. - Ш-ш-ш, - утешал он. - Это .
Отлично. Он обедает там сегодня с одной из наших сопровождающих. - Ролдан понимал, что сейчас они скорее всего лежат в постели, но ему не хотелось оскорблять чувства звонившего.
- Если оба элемента - уран, то как мы найдем различие между. - А вдруг Танкадо ошибся? - вмешался Фонтейн. - Быть может, он не знал, что бомбы были одинаковые.
Голый ландшафт испанской нижней Эстремадуры бежал за окном, слившись в неразличимый фон, затем замедлил свой бег.